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Pains Ahead For Nigerians As International Creditors Loan Terms Affect Nigeria’s Economic Policies.

President of Nigeria, Mohammad Buhari

Tue, 8 September, 2020

This period seems a difficult one for Nigerians as revealed that it could be a signal to the beginning of more unbearable pains in the form of economic policies as the Federal  Government continues to implement the stringent conditions of its international creditors.

It seems tougher times await Nigerians as the Federal  Government of Nigeria is committed to the policy of International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank over the loan facilities secured from the Breton  Wood institutions and other foreign creditors, which appear to be dictation the tunes on the economy.

If we may recall, the Executive Board of IMF on April 28 approved Nigeria’s request for emergency financial assistance of $3.4billion  under the Rapid Financing Instrument (RFI) that must be fully repaid by 2025 and with the Federal Government irreversibly committing itself to full removal of electricity subsidy by 2021, removal of petroleum subsidy as well as the further increase of value-added tax (VAT).

In addition to the implementing of full market price in the electricity and petroleum sector, taxes must be increased by the Federal Government as an alternative mean to revenue generation to offset the short to medium term debts.

On Monday, electricity distribution companies affected more than 100 to 150 per cent increase in electricity prices.

On Tuesday, the Pipeline Products Marketing Company (PPMC) management issued a circular, informing marketers of an increase in the price of petrol to N151 per litre.

In April, Minister of Finance, Budget and National Planning, Mrs Zainab Ahmed, made known that the Federal government had applied to borrow over $6.9bn from international lenders, including the World Bank, IMF, African Development Bank  (AfDB) and Islamic Development Bank to help counteract the impact of COVID-19 on the economy.

Since then, the government has taken $3.4bn from the IMF and $288 million from AfDB. While not much has been said about the proposed loan from Islamic Development Bank, the World Bank has refused to process the $2.5bn loan as it insisted that it was not satisfied that Nigeria has the capacity to use it wisely and repay.

The World Bank would seem unconvinced that Nigeria was fully committed to the promises it pledged to IMF by refusing to submit Nigeria’s request to its board for considerations because it alleged that the Federal Government was yet to demonstrate enough commitment to its promises.

According to the president, David Malpass, Nigeria would no longer get concessional loans because it was already heavily indebted. The International Development Association, an arm of the World Bank on July 1, began implementing a new set of lending rules as it unlocks a new round of funding expected to make some $85 billion in loans and grants available.

These rules will expectedly set new standards for transparency and require coordination with other multilateral lenders working with the same country.

Based on speculations, the World Bank may not approve the loan until  October when Nigeria would have fully implemented some reforms including the devaluation of the country`s currency, naira; increase the pump prices of petrol as the government is desperate to obtain the loan.

The government also last week began implementing the Steve Oronsanye Report by merging Petroleum Products Pricing and Regulatory Agency (PPPRA) with Petroleum Equalisation Fund (PEF). In addition, the Federal Government has also committed to some other loans relating to electricity and also dictated by its agreement with Siemens of Germany.

The Federal Government is currently tied to a deal with Azura-Edo Power to pay at least $30 million monthly whether or not it takes the the power generated by the plant. As well into $10 million a month “take or pay” deal with  Accugas Limited to supply gas to the Calabar Generation Company limited.

There are also impending $30 million a month “take or pay” deal with Qua Iboe Power Plant (QIPP). Ahmed said, “First and foremost, we will revert to our government’s planned medium-term fiscal consolidation path—which includes increasing revenue to 15 per cent of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) through further VAT reforms, rise in excises, and removal of tax exemptions— once the crisis passes.

“The recent introduction and implementation of an automatic fuel price formula will ensure fuel subsidies, which we have eliminated, do not re-emerge. “The existing stock of overdrafts held at the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) will also be securitised.

“We will move towards full exchange rate unification and greater exchange rate flexibility, which would help preserve foreign exchange reserves and avoid economic dislocation. “In 2020, the Federal Government will reduce its electricity subsidy to a maximum of  N380 billion and remove it completely in 2021. “We do not intend to introduce measures or policies that would exacerbate the current balance of payments difficulties.

“We do not intend to impose new or intensify existing restrictions on the making of payments and transfers for current  international transactions, trade restrictions for balance-of-payments purposes or multiple currencies practices, or to  enter into bilateral payment agreements which are inconsistent with Article VIII of the IMF’s Articles of Agreement.”

The Federal Government of Nigeria spent close to 90 per cent of its generated revenues on debts servicing in Q1, 2020.

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